Babri Masjid, Ayodhya Case: Explained In Simple Points
Babri Masjid was demolished 25 years ago on this day (6 December 1992) by Hindu groups leading to riots. Ayodhya is situated in Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. An estimated 2000 people were killed in the riots, which occurred after the demolition of the Babri Mosque. Several political leaders also actively took part in this event, giving it political hue.
Origin of the Issue
Hindu groups in the country made claims that the Babri Mosque was built (constructed in 1528 by Mughal ruler Babar) after demolishing Lord Rama’s temple. They claimed that it was the birthplace of Hindu ruler of Ayodhya, Lord Rama, the son of King Dasaratha and Kaushalya. And hence, this place is supremely sacred to Hindus. Several court pleas were made since the early 19th century, making this piece of land a disputed one. In 1992, several people from VHP (Vishva Hindu Parishad) destroyed parts of the Babri Mosque leading to widespread rioting.
The aftermath of this incident was so strong that it became the main cause of Godhra riots in Gujarat on February 6, 2002. About 59 Kar Sevaks were burned alive by unidentified people in the train coach which was coming to Gujarat via Ayodhya. Massive riots broke out in Godhra wherein 1000 innocent lives were lost.
Fight for Ram Lala Temple: Important Points
- Back in 1885, a plea was made in court by Mahant Raghubir Das for setting up of canopy outside the Babri Mosque. The plea was quashed by Faizabad court at that time.
- Followed by this, another set of Hindu priests filed legal suits to place idols and permission to worship at the birthplace of Lord Rama in Ayodhya.
- One more legal plea was made by Nirmohi Akhara seeking claim over the disputed site and claiming to be custodians of Ram Lala (Lord Ram as a child).
- Then a plea was filed by Sunni Waqf Board against placing idols inside the mosque while claiming it to be a place for the mosque and Muslim graveyard.
Hearing a court plea by Nirmohi Akhara (a Hindu group) on September 2012, Allahabad High Court pronounced the disputed land of 2.77 acres to be divided into 3 parts. 1/3 was given for construction of the Ram temple, 1/3 to be given to Islamic Sunni Waqf Board and the remaining 1/3 was provided to a Hindu religious denomination Nirmohi Akhara. This decision was pronounced after taking the conclusion from the ASI (Archaeological Survey of India) excavation findings, which revealed the presence of a Hindu temple like structure on the disputed site.
Both Hindu and Muslim groups appealed against the decision of Allahabad High Court supporting division of the disputed land. Supreme Court, eventually dismissed the High Court decision. In March 2017, Supreme Court advised the groups involved to settle this religious matter out of court.
Meanwhile, a special bench of Supreme Court judges will hear 13 appeals filed against Allahabad High Court verdict given in September 2012. The judges are likely to consider the pleas on February 2018, next year.